## 168-dc-dc-converters-online-simulator

Reading Time: 1 minuteIn this page, DC DC Converters online simulator is given for following DC DC converters: Boost or Step Up Converter Buck or Step Down Converter Buck-Boost Converter Flyback DC-DC Converter Forward DC-DC Converter

## 189-binary-search-tree-height-in-c

Reading Time: 3 minutesFirst functionality of methods in binary search tree class is to count nodes of binary search tree recursively and to measure binary search tree height. Taking the data from previous example, and starting with following array { 53, 72, 14,

## 188-binary-search-tree-implementation-in-c

Reading Time: 2 minutesMajor property of the binary search tree is self-similarity (every leaf can be root for another smaller binary search tree). For that reason, in BST we can use recursive functions to find or count the data. Searching through BST is

## 182-time-complexity-and-big-o-notation

Reading Time: 3 minutesTime complexity is the important term in sense of how many steps has to be taken in order to complete given algorithm. In order to describe complexity, big O notation is used. For example, linear complexity is expressed in big

## 180-linq-orderby-operator-and-lambda-expression-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteLINQ OrderBy operator we use to sort data in LINQ query. With using lambda expression (=>) example is follows: int[] nums = new int[] { 0, 4, 2, 6, 3, 8, 3, 1 }; var result1 = nums.Where(n => n

## 179-linq-restriction-operator-where-clause-indexed-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteLINQ restriction operator where is very useful when we want to filter or restrict some data. For example, if we want to filter all numbers higher or equal 3 by using LINQ restriction operator where here is an example: int[]

## 178-linq-let-clause-let-keyword-using-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteLINQ Let clause i.e. LINQ Let Keyword is a part of a query expression. Let clause allows LINQ query expression to be more readable and code to be shorter and easier to understand. Let also introduces variable that can be

## 177-linq-join-operator-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteIn this article, we have LINQ example of usage of join operator in C#. Perhaps, the easiest way to explain usage of join operator in C# is by example. In first example we have two arrays of double type. Now,

## 176-linq-set-operators-union-intersection-except-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteIf we want to use LINQ Set Operators in C#, then set operations such as union, intersection and except are really one line of code. Take a look at following examples. Intersection: int[] set1 = { 1, 2, 3, 5

## 175-linq-example-mapping-one-array-to-another-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteIf we have an array of strings, with people names for example and would like to display them in some arbitrary order given in another array of integers, we can manipulate two arrays with LINQ in C#. Here is LINQ

## 173-making-stack-data-structure-with-list-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteStack data structure is a LIFO collection and is a generic type. It exist in C#, and it is defined in namespace: using System.Collections.Generic; It can be declared as follows: Stack<int> stack = new Stack<int>(); and as any stack it

## 171-count-distinct-elements-in-array-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteIf we use LINQ query, we can count distinct elements in array in C# by following command: int[] a = { 0,0,1,7,17,1,2,2,3 }; int count = a.Distinct().Count(); The other way to count distinct elements in array in C# if array

## 161-order-by-in-linq-query-and-linq-query-on-xml-document-c

Reading Time: 4 minutesLINQ in C# stands for Language Integrated Query. It is brilliant programming concept implemented in C# programming language to virtualizes underlying data source. This means, that for example we can apply linq query on XML document in C# as easy

## 160-send-json-text-over-http-in-c

Reading Time: 2 minutesSending data over http in C# is easy if we use HttpWebRequest and WebResponse classes. Once when we have our data in json format ready for sending, we can send json text over http in C#. We need to make

Reading Time: 2 minutesTo read XML file in C# or to write XML file in C# it is best to use System.Xml namespace. Namespace System.Xml.Linq; is also useful for this purpose. Now, to write XML file, we need one object of XmlWriterSettings class.

## 158-convert-json-to-xml-and-convert-xml-document-to-text-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteIn previous article we discussed how to convert XML data to json format. Converting in opposite direction is as just as simple. So to convert json to XML in C# let’s assume that we have data in json format are

## 156-open-excel-doc-in-c

Reading Time: 3 minutesTo get data from Excel in C# or to insert data into Excel in C#, we need to open Excel doc in C# first. There are two ways to access Excel data in C#, either To use Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.dll namespace or

## Creating ms access database from excel worksheet

Reading Time: 2 minutesIn this tutorial it is explained how to create MS Access database from excel worksheet. First, we need to create new MS Access database. We need to give full path and type name of new database. And then, click “Create”.

## 154-convert-xml-to-json-in-c

Reading Time: 3 minutesIf XML data are small in structure, there is a way to convert XML to json in C# by knowing how to serialize dictionary to json in C#. We need to use using System.Web.Script.Serialization; namespace. It has to be added

## 153-htmlagilitypack-selectsinglenode-vs-descendantnodes-in-c

Reading Time: 2 minutesScraping data in C# is easy using HtmlAgilityPack. In this short tutorial we will focus on how to select Nodes and Subnodes with HtmlAgilityPack. In this project, we need to download htmlagilitypack.dll. Next step is to add reference, like for

## 151-open-word-doc-in-c

Reading Time: 1 minuteTo handle MS Office documents from C# it is essential to add assembly to your C# project. Reference for handling MS Office documents is in microsoft.office.interop.word.dll. So you need to download this dll file first. Next step is to add

## 147-c-sharp-how-to-make-a-dll-file

Reading Time: 3 minutesIn order to make a dll file from C#, first step is to start creating class library .dll project (see figure bellow). Rest of the job is similar to writing down any other C# class, but we need to take

## 146-c-sharp-program-for-permutation.html

Reading Time: 1 minuteMaking all permutation of the given set of characters is most time effective if it is done with Heap’s algorithm. C# program for permutation with recursive function call in according to Heap’s algorithm is presented. First thing that we need

Reading Time: 1 minuteTo use paralleling of the treads in C#, we need to use System.Threading.Tasks; namespace. There are several ways to parallelize threads, including usage of PLINQ. In here, for educational purpose most simple c# parallel threading example as console application is

## 144-c-sharp-md5-hash-code-example

Reading Time: 1 minuteC# md5 hash code can be easily obtained by using following namespaces: System.Security.Cryptography; System.Globalization; System.IO; If we want to calculate md5 hash that is 32 characters long string of any input for simple string, we can do it with just

## 142-c-sharp-basic-string-methods-and-parse-numberstyles

Reading Time: 2 minutesKnowing C# basic string methods can be very useful and time saving. In this article, we will use some of C# basic string methods in order to appropriately parse large string for crc bytes calculus. For that purpose, it is

## 141-c-sharp-crc-computation

Reading Time: 2 minutesRead also C# crc checksum class C# crc checksum code for binary files C# crc checksum code for MODBUS RTU CRC computation is the method for error detection in sending/receiving binary data. It is different from error auto correction, but

## 140-c-sharp-event-handler-for-serial-communication-with-delegate-method

Reading Time: 3 minutesC# event handler for serial communication is equivalent to interrupt concept. When data arrives from outside world into serial port buffer, interrupt signal is generated. To make application that uses serial communication with event handler in c#, it is practical

## 139-c-sharp-crc-code-for-modbus-rtu

Reading Time: 3 minutesModbus is serial communication protocol. It is widely spread in industry and mainly is used to connect master communication device (usually PC) to remote terminal unit (RTU). Information package from master to slave device in MODBUS protocol has following format

## 138-c-sharp-crc-checksum-code-for-binary-files

Reading Time: 2 minutesA cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code. In this article, C# crc checksum code for binary files is given. For 16 bit CRC calculus for binary files, first step is to have all of the data (all of

## 137-c-sharp-odbc-connection

Reading Time: 1 minuteWhen there is a need to program databases in C# we can access given database either by Using SqlConnection and SqlCommand class or by using ODBC connection. ODBC – Open Database Connectivity is Microsoft interface for accessing database management systems

Reading Time: 2 minutesIn order to access binary file from C# it is comfortable to use OpenFileDialog class. To handle binary, either to read binary file or to write to binary file in C#, we need to use System.IO namespace. Inside System.IO namespace

## 134-c-sharp-timer-and-serial-communication-example

Reading Time: 2 minutesC sharp application uses timer whenever is necessary for application to regularly control something in equal time intervals, from reading the system clock to communicate with firmware via serial communication. Timer tick function must do the regular task every time

## 133-c-sharp-mdi-application

Reading Time: 3 minutesMaking Multiple-Document Interface (MDI) in C# is your next big step towards professional programming. Any good windows forms application has to have multi functionality, i.e. many child forms that should be accessible from parent form by using menu. Actually, every

## 124-c-sharp-sql-like-command-for-search

Reading Time: 1 minuteEasier way to connect to database is C# odbc conncetion to database In this tutorial c sharp SQL like command for search is explained, i.e. how to search similar data with SQL query command like from C#. We continue from

## 123-c-sharp-sql-delete-command

Reading Time: 1 minuteEasier way to connect to database is C# odbc conncetion to database In this tutorial c sharp SQL delete command is explained, i.e. how to delete data with SQL query from C#. We continue from initial database tutorial. C sharp

## 122-c-sharp-sql-update-command

Reading Time: 1 minuteEasier way to connect to database is C# odbc conncetion to database In this tutorial c sharp SQL retrieve data is explained, i.e. to retrieve data with SQL query from C#. We continue from initial database tutorial. private void clear_all_fields()

## 121-c-sharp-sql-retrieve-data

Reading Time: 1 minuteEasier way to connect to database is C# odbc conncetion to database In this tutorial c sharp SQL retrieve data is explained, i.e. to retrieve data with SQL query from C#. We continue from initial database tutorial. private void clear_all_fields()

## 120-c-sharp-sql-insert-command

Reading Time: 2 minutesEasier way to connect to database is C# odbc conncetion to database In this tutorial C Sharp SQL Insert command is explained, i.e. how SQL Insert Command is implemented in C#. We continue from previous example. string str_sql_insert = ”

## 119-c-sharp-sqlconnection-and-sqlcommand-class

Reading Time: 2 minutesEasier way to access database from C# is to Connect to database via odbc connection If we connect to databases in C# directly, two additional namespaces are necessary: using System.Data.SqlClient; using System.Collections; In our C# program, we need to use

## 118-c-sharp-sql-database-connection

Reading Time: 2 minutesThis example is for Microsoft SQL Server 2008 database connection. First step is to make right click in Solution Explorer and Add->New Item… Then, choose Service-based Database. Choose a Database Model. Choose your Database Object. Once when Data Connection is

## 117-c-sharp-tab-control

Reading Time: 1 minuteC sharp tab control is control from TabControl Class. C sharp tab control is the part of C# Containers Toolbox. Once when it is added to Windows form, additional tabs can be added as collection. We can add two more

Reading Time: 2 minutesC sharp menuStrip and c sharp OpenFileDialog are visual controls in C# for adding application menu items and opening files, respectively. C sharp menuStrip is the part of C# Menus & Toolbars Toolbox. C sharp OpenFileDialog is the part of

## 115-c-sharp-listbox-and-combobox-example

Reading Time: 3 minutesC sharp listbox and c sharp combobox are among most popular visual controls in C# windows forms applications. They are similar and they have similar proporties and methods. In this example, we will prepare one form with one listbox, one

## 114-c-sharp-file-handling

Reading Time: 1 minuteC sharp file I/O methods are in namespace called System.IO. C sharp file handling implies files listing, files and folders creation, writing down and reading from file. Here is the code for listing folder: using System.IO; static void Main(string[] args)

## 113-c-sharp-hashtable-example

Reading Time: 1 minuteC sharp hashtable is very useful data structure in C#. Actually, it is kind of arraylist with two-dimensional Items. With this two-dimensional feature it can be very easy to define look-up table for different type of data such as string

## 112-c-sharp-arraylist-example

Reading Time: 2 minutesC sharp arraylist are particularly useful in: Collecting ID from the database C sharp arraylist is different from list as data structure in good old fashion C. List is a data structure where nodes can’t be accessed by index, but

## 111-c-sharp-class-for-crc-checksum-calculator

Reading Time: 2 minutesAbout CRC checksum calculus, you can also read: C# crc checksum code for CRC-16-ANSI, CRC-CCITT, CRC-XMODEM C# crc checksum code for binary files C# crc checksum code for MODBUS RTU A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code. It

## 110-c-sharp-array-and-multidimensional-array-example

Reading Time: 2 minutesC sharp array is different in defining from array in C programming language. Array in C program would go like this: int a[10]; C sharp array example in here would be used together with for loop to write “Hello World!”

## 109-c-sharp-class-example-constructor

Reading Time: 2 minutesC Sharp is object oriented programming language. It means that programmers should be object oriented in thinking while writing down code in C#. For simplicity, and completeness of this tutorial, our first c sharp class example will be given as

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